One of the social problems faced by Kerala in recent years is street dog menace. Since killing of street dogs is banned as per various acts and judgements, the strategy adopted by government is to intensify Animal Birth Control program (ABC).

ABC program is aimed at reducing stray dog population density, decrease mating/ maternal/pack aggression in stray dogs. The program involves capture, neutering, and release of stray dogs based on a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for animal birth control programs outlined by the Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI).

It is worth to note that the stray dog population in Kerala as per 2012 census is 2.99 lakhs. It is estimated that the number of stray dogs is approximately 6 lakhs as of now. Thus ABCP requires a dedicated team at community level to perform all the activities associated, for continuity and sustainability of results. So to address the issue in a timely, systematic, sustainable mode, Community based Block level or Urban Local Body level Management Unit by Kudumbashree Mission is proposed as a Micro Enterprise Unit of the mission.

Responsibility of ABC Micro Enterprise of Kudumbashree Mission shall include management and support to the ABC Programme of the Local bodies under respective area. It shall include capturing or hired capturing of stray dogs from identified area, transportation of dogs captured to the identified institution for A B C Programme, required Pre and Post Operative Care (surgery will be done in identified veterinary hospital by surgeon) for the animals and safe release of the animal back as per law. The activity of the MU will be based on the Standard operating procedure approved by the Executive Director of Kudumbashree.

Table showing progress of implementation of ABC project in the state is given below. Updated every Saturday at 5 P.M. Last updated on 12-August-2017.

Districts Total Units to be formed- Block Total Units to be formed- ULBs Total units trained Total Units started functioning No. of dogs caught during the week Total no. of dogs caught No.of Doctors Empanelled Total no. of LSGIs No.of LSGIs sanctioned ABCP with Kudumbashree
Thiruvananthapuram 11 6 10 2 0 350 4 78 25
Kollam 11 5 3 0 0 0 0 73 0
Pathanamthitta 8 4 4 0 51 168 9 57 9
Alappuzha 12 6 4 4 0 42 1 78 0
Kottayam 11 6 3 1 22 194 6 77 70
Idukki 8 2 2 0 0 0 6 54 9
Ernakulam 14 14 20 2 5 38 11 96 38
Thrissur 16 8 12 3 31 324 0 94 0
Palakkad 13 7 3 0 0 0 10 95 0
Malappuram 15 12 5 1 0 15 0 106 1
Kozhikode 12 8 2 0 0 0 0 78 0
Wayanad 4 3 5 0 0 0 0 26 0
Kannur 11 10 5 0 0 0 0 81 2
Kasaragod 6 3 2 0 0 0 0 41 0
Total 152 94 80 13 104 1131 47 1034 154

Officer responsible for monitoring:  Dr. L. Ravi Kumar, ABC Expert (Mob: 9447095473)

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